Factory Farming is the process of raising livestock in confinement at high stocking density, where a farm operates as a factory, a practice typical in industrial farming by agribusinesses. The main products of this industry are meat, milk and eggs for human consumption. However, there have been issues regarding whether factory farming is sustainable and ethical.
Confinement at high stocking density requires antibiotics and pesticides to mitigate the spread of disease and pestilence exacerbated by these crowded living conditions. In addition, antibiotics are used to stimulate livestock growth by killing intestinal bacteria. According to a February 2011 FDA report, nearly 29 million pounds of antimicrobials were sold in 2009 for both therapeutic and non-therapeutic use for all farm animal species. The Union of Concerned Scientists estimates that 70% of that amount is for non-therapeutic use.
Animal welfare impacts of factory farming may include:
"A large calf ranch in Idaho USA, housing tens of thousands of calves. They are transferred as newborns and will stay in this confinement until they are old enough to be put in calf pens or transferred to feed yards or heifer facilities. The heifers will finish 'growing out' until they are old enough to go back to the dairy once again, and the steers are sold for human consumption." —The True Face of Dairy.
Close confinement systems (cages, crates) or lifetime confinement in indoor sheds
Discomfort and injuries caused by inappropriate flooring and housing
Restriction or prevention of normal exercise and most of natural foraging or exploratory behaviour
Restriction or prevention of natural maternal nesting behaviour
Lack of daylight or fresh air and poor air quality in animal sheds
Social stress and injuries caused by overcrowding
Health problems caused by extreme selective breeding and management for fast growth and high productivity
Reduced lifetime (longevity) of breeding animals (dairy cows, breeding sows)
Fast-spreading infections encouraged by crowding and stress in intensive conditions
Debeaking (beak trimming or shortening) in the poultry and egg industry to avoid pecking in overcrowded quarters
Forced and over feeding (by inserting tubes into the throats of ducks) in the production of foie gras
An international group of prominent scientists has signed The Cambridge Declaration on Consciousness in which they are proclaiming their support for the idea that animals are conscious and aware to the degree that humans are -- a list of animals that includes all mammals, birds, and even the octopus.
Animal cruelty can be either deliberate abuse or simply the failure to take care of an animal. Either way, and whether the animal is a pet, a farm animal, or wildlife, the victim can suffer terribly.
All U.S. states have animal cruelty laws, and 47 states treat some forms of abuse as felonies. Farmers and researchers can do cruel things to animals that other people can't do legally, but all states have some protection for pets like dogs and cats.
More than 80 percent of the United States' 5.5 million breeding pigs are crammed into 2 foot by 7 foot crates, unable to engage in many of their most important natural behaviors. They're never able to turn around or even lie down comfortably—day and night, for their entire lives.
The scientific consensus (nicely summarized here by the Humane Society of the United States) extensively documents that when pigs are immobilized in crates, they develop severe mental disorders from frustration and boredom, their muscles and bones waste away, and more.
The National Pork Producers Council (NPPC) summed up its anti-scientific and anti-animal views when, in attempting to defend the industry's confinement of mother pigs in cages so small the animals can't even turn around, NPPC communications director Dave Warner told the National Journal, "So our animals can't turn around for the 2.5 years that they are in the stalls producing piglets. I don't know who asked the sow if she wanted to turn around?"
When your own communications director makes a remark like that, you have an industry in crisis.
USDA "Wildlife Services"
Three coyotes are caught in leg-hold traps in this photo from a Wildlife Services trapper. Leg-hold traps are used by the agency to capture and kill 10,000 to 14,000 animals a year. Roughly half are coyotes, but many other species are targeted, too, including bobcats, muskrats and wild pigs. The agency's traps, which are banned in many countries, have also captured and killed 4,000 non-target animals since 2006, including great-blue herons, mule deer and black bears. -Photo and caption, Sacramento Bee.
"Did you know that USDA "Wildlife Services" uses taxpayer dollars to kill about 5 million animals each year at the behest of private ranchers… Affected species include eagles, hawks, owls, vultures, foxes, mountain lions, river otters, badgers, gophers, [ravens,] and gray wolves. We can help bring this wasteful and needless slaughter to an end by ending our consumption of meat and dairy products."
Since 2000, its employees have killed nearly a million coyotes, mostly in the West. They have destroyed millions of birds, from nonnative starlings to migratory shorebirds, along with a colorful menagerie of more than 300 other species, including black bears, beavers, porcupines, river otters, mountain lions and wolves.
And in most cases, they have officially revealed little or no detail about where the creatures were killed, or why. But a Bee investigation has found the agency's practices to be indiscriminate, at odds with science, inhumane and sometimes illegal. More…
Two U.S congressmen — one a Republican, the other a Democrat — are calling for a congressional investigation of the federal government's wildlife damage control program.
"We have an agency that appears to be wasting federal dollars and actually causing harm while doing it, but yet perhaps covering up what they are doing and why. That's something Congress should investigate." More…
There is a unit within the Agriculture Department's Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service called Wildlife Services. Its official mission, according to its Web site, is ?to resolve wildlife conflicts to allow people and wildlife to coexist.? This has meant, since 2000, some two million dead animals. The list includes coyotes, beavers, mountain lions, black bears and innumerable birds. The agency's real mission? To make life safer for livestock and game species. More…
I am of course speaking of the coyote, Canis latrans, a species native to all states in our nation except Hawaii. We have crossed each other's paths for hundreds of years, and yet Homo sapiens are increasingly resistant to the idea that coyotes are an integral and permanent part of our shared wild landscapes. More…
CLOTHES AND ACCESSORIES
See our Websites page for stores selling alternatives to leather and other animals skins.
The usual process to obtain the feathers is to first scald the birds in hot water for 1 to 3 minutes. Scalding isn't necessary, but makes it easier to remove the feathers. After that, the flight feathers are removed by hand. Next the body feathers and down are removed either by a plucking machine or by hand. The last step is to dry and sort the feathers.
Feather Removal from Live Birds
When feathers are plucked from birds, they are pulled out of their skins with force, leaving bleeding follicles and possible skin damage like tears and bruises. When non-ripe feathers are removed, they will often have tissue or blood attached to them. More…
Foie gras - French for "fatty liver" - is the diseased and enlarged liver of a duck or goose, produced through force feeding.
The Animal Protection & Rescue League has investigated all three US foie gras farms and several in France and found rampant cruelty to be the norm. Compassion Over Killing sent an investigator to the largest US farm, Hudson Valley Foie Gras, on a guided tour with a hidden camera and also witnessed the standard cruelty that is required for foie gras production.
Two to three times a day, a worker grabs each bird, shoves a long, thick metal tube all the way down his throat, and an air pump shoots up to two pounds of corn mush into his esophagus. The industry always refers to the dry weight of the feed, which is about one pound per feeding. Adding oil and water doubles this weight, making it 20-30% of the bird's healthy body weight. Picture 30 one pound boxes of dry pasta and then add water. This is proportionally how much a 150 pound human would be force fed using this formula.
A duck's liver naturally weighs around 50 grams. However, to qualify as foie gras, the industry's own regulations require ducks' livers to weigh an absolute minimum of 300 grams.
The vast amounts of feed pumped down the ducks' throats causes enormous internal pressure, and the pipe sometimes punctures the esophagus, causing many to die from choking on the blood that fills their lungs. Some birds literally burst, choke to death on their own vomit, or become so weak that they are unable to fend off rats from eating them alive. More…
A PETA investigation at Hudson Valley Foie Gras in New York (then called "Commonwealth Enterprises") found that so many ducks died when their organs ruptured from overfeeding that workers who killed fewer than 50 birds per month were given a bonus. Many ducks develop foot infections, kidney necrosis, spleen damage, bruised and broken bills, and tumor-like lumps in their throats. One duck had a maggot-infested neck wound so severe that water spilled out of it when he drank.
Other investigations at Hudson Valley Foie Gras and America's other leading foie gras producer, Sonoma Foie Gras in California, revealed that ducks were crammed into filthy, feces-ridden sheds and that others were isolated in wire cages that were so small that they could barely move. Investigators also observed barrels full of dead ducks who had choked to death or whose organs had ruptured during the traumatic force-feeding process. The investigators rescued 15 ducks, including two who were being eaten alive by rats because they could not move. More…
Actress Kate Winslet Narrates an Exposé on Foie Gras Production
Nutritional information contained on this site is not intended to replace medical advice from a physician or nutritionist. If you are experiencing an emergent medical situation contact a doctor, urgent care facility or hospital emergency room. Talk over any major lifestyle changes with your trusted medical professional.